Medalla d'or de la Generalitat
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1980 - 1989 Prizewinners

(Palafrugell, 1897 - Mas Pla de Llofriu, 1981) Writer and journalist.

His works were essential to the modernisation of the Catalan language and the diffusion of Catalan customs and traditions. He was a Madrid correspondent during the Republic and a regular contributor to the magazine Destino for 36 years. He left a legacy of 38 volumes of his complete works published. Today, he is one of the most read authors in Catalan.

Photo: Josep Pla Foundation. Josep Vergés Collection (1980).

Photo: Josep Pla Foundation. Josep Vergés Collection (1980).

(Santa Coloma de Farnés, 1913 - Barcelona, 1985) Poet, playwright and novelist.

A graduate in Law, he wanted to teach but ended up working as an assistant in his father's notary office. He was one of the four founding members of the Association of Writers in Catalan. Three of his most famous works include El cementiri de Sinera (The Cemetery of Sinera), dedicated to his parent's village, Arenys de Mar, and La pell de brau (The Bull's Hide). He is particularly remembered for his anagrams such as Sinera for Arenys, Lavínia for Barcelona.

Photo: Guillermina Puig (1980)

Photo: Guillermina Puig (1980)

(Barcelona, 1905 - Pineda de Mar, 1997) Philologist.

He studied in Barcelona, Montpellier, Madrid and Zurich. He stayed in touch with great professors like Grammont and Ramón Menéndez Pidal. In 1950 he was nominated as an associate member of the Institute of Catalan Studies. He is the author of the Etymological and Complementary Dictionary of the Catalan Language and Onomasticon Cataloniae. He received the Prize of Honour for Catalan Letters (1984) and the National Prize for Spanish Letters (1989).

Photo: Fototeca (1980)

Photo: Fototeca (1980)

(Barcelona, 1893 - 1987) Musician and composer known for his piano compositions.

He developed his own composition style, which he referred to as recommencing, content and intimist, simple and refined. Noteworthy works include Música callada (Silent Music), which was inaugurated in 1980, and Impresiones íntimas (Intimate Impressions).

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1980)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1980)

(Reus, 1899 - Barcelona, 1981) Sculptor.

Along with Josep Viladomat and Apel·les Fenosa, he was part of the group The Evolutionists, which aimed to replicate the Catalan noucentisme movement. He created several monuments in different Catalan cities, works for the Palau de la Música Catalana and the Monastery of Montserrat. He is considered one of the most important sculptors of his time.

(Barcelona, 1893 - 1987) Writer, poet and essayist.

Influenced by noucentisme and interested in the most avant-garde schools from the time he was a boy, he would end up being in charge of the art section of the newspaper La Publicitat. The Civil War forced him to return to the family business, which he combined with his poetic creation for many years. He was nominated by the Catalan Parliament for a Nobel Prize in Literature.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1981)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1981)

(Barcelona, 1902 - 1983) Architect.

His unadorned works with pure lines were particularly influenced by Le Corbusier, with whom he worked, and rationalism. He founded GATPAC, whose aim was to diffuse the values of modern architecture. Sanctioned after the Civil War, he had to create a good part of his work in the United States.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1981)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1981)

(Figueres, 1904 - 1989) Artist and painter.

The highest representative of surrealism and considered a genius painter. He was a friend of Lorca and Buñuel, with whom he filmed Un chien andalou. An acquaintance of Picasso, Man Ray and Breton, his extravagant and dreamlike style influenced a good part of the artistic and intellectual world of his era, both in Europe and the United States, where he lived for a good while.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

(Barcelona, 1933) Lyric soprano.

She is famous for her bel canto performances, her stunning voice repertory and her technical perfection, all contributing to her reputation as one of the top voices of opera. Her repertory is immense and exceeds a hundred works. She sang in the Olympic Stadium in Barcelona for the opening of the Olympic Games.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

(Barcelona, 1923 - 2005) Lyric soprano.

A lyric legend of the 20th century with anthological performances at sites ranging from the Gran Teatre del Liceu and the New York Metropolitan, where she performed for over a decade. Among her most well-known opera roles are Donna Anna, Rosina, Manon Desdemona, Violetta, and Mélisande.

 Photo: Victòria dels Àngels Foundation

Photo: Victòria dels Àngels Foundation

(Barcelona, 1899 - París, 1988) Sculptor.

He started his career in the heart of the group The Evolutionists, which disagreed with the official school of noucentisme. In Paris, and led by Picasso, he met the avant-garde and participated in exhibitions. After the Civil War, he moved permanently to Paris. One of his most renowned works is Monument aux Martyrs d´Oradour-sur-Glane. In 1981, UNESCO awarded him the Education for Peace prize.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1982)

(Sueca, 1922 - 1992) Writer.

Key figure in contemporary Valencian nationalism. His most influential work was "Nosaltres, els valencians" (We the Valencians). His writing deals mainly with topics related to the Valencian Community. In 1975 he received the Catalan Letters Award of Honour and was a member of the Institut d'Estudis Catalans and the Valencian Institution for Studies and Research, in addition to being President of the Association of Writers in Catalan from 1987 to 1991. In 1992 he was posthumously awarded the Special Distinction for Cultural Merit by the Government of Valencia.

(Ciutadella, Minorca, 1903 - Palma de Majorca, 1991) Linguist, philologist and editor.

He disseminated Catalan culture and language, especially in Majorca. Out of his works, especially significant were scientific works about Catalan linguistics and Balearics folklore, such as the Diccionari català-valencià-balear, which he coordinated with Mossèn Antoni Maria Alcover i Sureda, and the Butlletí del Diccionari de la Llengua Catalana.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1983)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1983)

(Barcelona, 1923 - 2012) Painter and sculptor.

Son of an attorney and politician, he was immersed in a liberal environment since his childhood. He was one of the founders of the Dau al Set movement, related to Surrealism and Dadaism. He has exhibited at most of the main art museums in the world and has been named a Doctor Honoris Causa at several universities. Noteworthy works include Forma negra sobre quadrat gris (Black Shape on a Grey Square).

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1983)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1983)

(Barcelona, 1923 - 2009) Pianist.

She debuted with an orchestra when she was still a child with concerts in Barcelona and Madrid and in 1954 debuted in the United States. This is where she became internationally renowned for her impeccable piano technique. She has received the Prince of Asturias Award for the Arts (1994), the UNESCO Prize (1995), two Ondas awards (1992 and 2000) and four Grammies, in addition to the Isaac Albéniz Medal. She reaped particular fame for her interpretation of the works of Albéniz i Granados.

 Photo: Alícia Torra de Larrocha. (1983)

Photo: Alícia Torra de Larrocha. (1983)

(Barcelona, 1946) Tenor.

He performed publicly when he was only 11 years old at the Liceu and debuted in 1970 in the operas Nabucco and Norma at the Liceu, where he met Montserrat Caballé. He was diagnosed leukaemia in 1987, although he recovered and one year later founded Josep Carreras International Leukaemia Foundation. His fame has continued to grow, with his participation in The Three Tenors, along with Luciano Pavarotti and Plácido Domingo.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1984)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1984)

(Barcelona, 1913 - Saint Tropez, France, 2005) Painter, engraver and sculptor.

He started off as a poster designer, especially in the world of cinema. Subsequently, in Paris, he embarked upon his career as an illustrator and a theatre set designer. A friend of Picasso, he also took an interest in ballet and theatre stage design, even being nominated for an Oscar for his set design and costumes for the film Hans Christian Andersen (1952). He is particularly well-known for his series A don Pablo, dedicated to Picasso.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1984)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1984)

(Barcelona, 1920 - 2010) Businessman, politician and marquis until 1991.

Always connected to the world of sport, he was the Sports Councillor of the Barcelona City Hall in the fifties and sixties and the president of the International Olympic Committee until 2001. He drove the Olympic movement and promoted sponsorship, especially at the 1992 Barcelona Olympic Games.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1985)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1985)

(Barcelona, 1909 - Sant Cugat del Vallès, 2003) Priest and historian.

He studied Arts & Humanities and Law at the University of Barcelona and Theology with the Jesuits. Ordained as a priest in 1940, he started to study the history of the Crown of Aragon and Catalan culture, as well as the Society of Jesus. During the Franco reign, he clandestinely kept in touch with Catalan exiles and Catalan Christian Democrats. His complete works have been published in 13 volumes. He was recognised with the Award of Honour of Catalan Letters (1990).

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1985)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1985)

(Portbou 1893 - Barcelona 1991) Sculptor.

Multifaceted Modernist artist who started restoring the royal tombs at the Monastery of Poblet. He brought together an extensive art collection that led him to create the museum that bears his name in 1946, which he later donated to the Barcelona City Hall. He received the Creu de Sant Jordi in 1982. Particularly renowned works include L'enterrament de Crist (The Burial of Christ) at the Church of Santa Maria del Mar in Barcelona.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1986)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1986)

In 1987 the Government of Catalonia did not deliver any gold medal of the Generalitat.

(Barcelona, 1934) Diplomat.

A Doctor in Pharmacy, he started in the world of academia and became the rector of the University of Granada. In 1972 he was appointed as the Biochemistry Department Head at the Autonomous University of Madrid, a position he held until 2004. In 1987 he was nominated as the UNESCO General Director until 1999. Since 2000, he has presided over the Foundation for a Culture of Peace.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

(Barcelona, 1897 - 1990) Notary.

As secretary of the Notary Association, he prevented the burning of the official records of the Association by a group of anarchists. He was the driving force in the organisation of the Historic Archives of Protocols of Barcelona, the first that were done in the entire country. As a lawyer, he participated in reforming the Mortgage Law and the Law of Catalan Private Foundations. He intervened as a notary in the succession of Francesc Cambó. A friend of Picasso, Miró and Casals, he was the notary public for three generations of Catalan artists.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

(Barcelona, 1910 - 1995) Economist.

Professor at the University of Barcelona, of Santiago de Compostela, of Caracas and at the Complutense in Madrid, he was also the driving force behind the creation of the Faculty of Economy at the Autonomous University of Barcelona. He was a contributor to the newspaper L'Opinió and later to the magazine Economia i Finances. He is considered the inspiration for the National Economic Stabilisation Plan of 1959. He also received the Creu de Sant Jordi (1882) and the Medal of Scientific Merit from the Barcelona City Council.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

(Barcelona, 1904 - 1990) Historian and politician.

Even though he studied industrial engineering, a large part of his career was centred on history, especially the medieval period. His work was connected to the Institute of Catalan Studies. He joined the Democratic Union of Catalonia in 1932, where he climbed the ranks to become the general secretary and later the president of its National Council. He was also the president of the Catalan Parliament from 1984 to 1988.

 Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

Photo: Eugenio del Castillo Collection. National Archives of Catalonia (1988)

In 1989 the Government of Catalonia did not deliver any gold medal of the Generalitat.

Update:  04.02.2016