The Administration is obliged by law to be transparent. Among other things, this means it must facilitate proactively – and thus without the need to be expressly asked – information about its organisation, operation, how the most important decisions are taken and the management of public resources. These contents or documents have been prepared by the Administration or it has them because they have been provided by others.
Consequently, the Administration must make available such information as may be necessary for the public to evaluate its management. And it must do so offering these data in a way that is understandable to all. The data must be up-to-date, true and accessible for people with disabilities, and preferably reusable. Reusable information is understood to be that which the public Administration has generated and with which people, enterprises and organisations can create new projects and/or services for other publics or target groups.
The instrument employed to make information accessible to the public is the Transparency Portal, a website where information from the public administrations must be published. There are, in fact, two transparency portals: that of the Government of Catalonia, Transparency gencat, which gathers the data regarding that Administration and its dependent bodies; and the portal that brings together information about other obligated parties throughout Catalonia, Transparency Catalonia. In addition to the Administration of the Government of Catalonia, the latter also covers local administrations, public universities, political parties and the corporate administration (professional bodies, chambers of commerce and academies), employer and trade union organisations, associations, foundations and other private entities, and professional interest groups.
Specifically, the information the Transparency Portal must proactively make public (known as active publicity) is the following:
- Institutional organisation and administrative structure including, for example, the list of senior officials and managers.
- Financial, accounting, budget and heritage management.
- Decisions and actions with judicial relevance, such as regulations that are in the public information phase.
- Staff, the list of jobs in the Administration and the remuneration system.
- Administrative procedures within its scope of competence, including decisions with public relevance.
- Contracts and agreements.
- Reports and studies. General plans, programmes and reports, such as the Government Plan.
- Subjects and actions the publicity of which is established by law, such as the annual reports on institutional advertising.
- Any matter of public interest, and the information most frequently requested through exercise of the right of access to public information.
In addition to the information that can be found on these two portals, citizens also have the right to ask for public information they consider of their interest. This is known as the right of access to public information.